Sunday, May 24, 2020

The American Music Therapy Association - 1529 Words

â€Å"The American Music Therapy Association (AMTA) defines music therapy as ‘an established health profession in which music is used within a therapeutic relationship to address physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of individuals’† (Barnett Shale, 2013, p.48). Music Therapy (MT) is shown to be able to help people with many different kinds of mental health problems such as anxiety, stress, and minor cases of depression. There have been many studies done showing that MT is an effective form of therapy that can improve someone’s overall Quality Of Life (QOL). MT is known as an alternative technique therapy. It is often used instead of, or along with, medication to produce a result in the patient who need it. MT involves all†¦show more content†¦According a study done by M. Brunges and G. Avigne, researchers for the Association of Operating Room Nurses (AORN), MT is effective in reducing anxiety in patients before, during, and after majo r and minor surgeries (Brunges Avigne, 2003, p.816-8). Also, music has been found to improve the body s immune system and also it is found to be even more effective than drugs to reduce anxiety. (Novotney, 2013, p.46) This makes it a perfect noninvasive alternative to reduce anxiety. In their study, the researchers used 44 people between the ages of 39 to 81 years old to participate in the study. There were 23 males and 21 females who participated. The participants were then separated into one of two different groups. The control group did not listen to music; the experimental group listened to music for at least thirty minutes before going into surgery. The kind of music that was listened to was not documented in this study. All surgeries were joint replacement surgeries. The researchers measured their results by having the experimental group fill out a survey of how they were feeling afterwards, and also measuring the levels of epinephrine, better known as adrenaline, that was p roduced. This was done by collecting samples of urine

Monday, May 18, 2020

Hipa A Critical Issue - 1800 Words

HIPAA – A Critical Issue Most people have a basic understanding about HIPAA and what it entails, but for future healthcare leaders, it is a critical issue. The goals behind the HIPAA privacy rules are very beneficial for keeping individual’s health information private, but it does place a heavy burden on organizations to ensure the information remains protected. Healthcare leaders have always had to adapt to change, but it is becoming increasingly necessary to have leaders that can adapt quicker than ever. Not only do they need to keep up with the technological advances in healthcare, but they also need to become compliant with the new and ever-changing healthcare laws. Numerous modifications have been implemented under HIPAA in the†¦show more content†¦14). In 2009, HIPAA was modified yet again to include the Health Information and Technology and Economic Clinical Health (HITECH) Act of 2009. The HITECH Act drastically modified the law to offer enhanced patient privacy and security, ne w patient rights, and increased compliance enforcement by the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) (New Rule, 2013, para. 2). The HITECH Act put rigorous guidelines in place surrounding data protection of heath information technology to improve patient privacy and security (Grossman, 2014). Many of the new technology requirements have been incorporated with the increased use of electronic health records (EHRs) under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) (Security Rule, n.d.). The final omnibus rule incorporates some additional regulations, but is primarily based on the final legislative changes under the HITECH Act. Definitions Under HIPAA, the definition of a covered entity is a health plan (insurance companies, HMOs, company health plans, government health plans), healthcare provider (doctors, dentists, clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, etc.), or healthcare clearinghouse (billing service, repricing company, health information systems, etc.) (Covered Entity, n.d.). A business associate is, â€Å"a person or entity that performs

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Essay on John F. Kennedy Inaugural Speech Analysis

John F. Kennedy once said, â€Å"I am not the Catholic candidate for President. I am the Democratic Partys candidate for President, who happens also to be a Catholic.† In this single sentence, he uses a method of Aristotle’s persuasive speech making. One of the greatest examples of using rhetorical strategies is indeed John F. Kennedy’s inaugural address of 1961. John F. Kennedy uses diction, syntax, and Aristotle’s method of persuasion in his inaugural address that not only made it uniquely his own, but made it undoubtedly one of the best, emotion tugging, speeches ever. It was a very cold, icy January day when John F. Kennedy made his inaugural address. He was the youngest president to ever take office. He won by a very small margin. He was†¦show more content†¦For example, â€Å"the jungle of suspicion† and â€Å"those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger, ended up inside.† Both of these can paint a picture in the listener’s (or reader’s) head, and can help them understand what JFK is referring to in his speech. Sometimes President Kennedy uses words that seem old fashioned. He does this because he is the youngest president, and he tries to appeal to the older people to show them he is as mature as any other person who could have been elected president. Syntax helped Kennedy achieve his purpose as well. He used short paragraphs to get his point across. For example â€Å"And, so my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country.â₠¬  Think of how famous this quote has become! The short sentences make more of an impression. They express more emotion. Complex sentences are also used in this speech. They allow feelings to be built up in sentences. He uses opposites in this speech a lot. For instance, â€Å"Never let us negotiate out of fear. But let us ever fear to negotiate.† This shows he has considered all counterarguments and knows exactly what he wants to achieve while in office and that he is as qualified as any other politician to be the next president of the United States. Aristotle’s rhetorical strategies can help a writer achieve the art of persuasion. John F. Kennedy’s inaugural speech is a perfect example of this. InShow MoreRelatedEssay about John F. Kennedy Analysis704 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿Leah Moore JFK Inaugural Address Analysis President John F. Kennedy gave his inaugural address on a January afternoon in 1961. His speech includes many rhetorical devices—included to help convey Kennedy’s subject to his audience. The subject is that human rights are determined by God, rather than the government. Some rhetorical devices Kennedy uses are parallelism, anaphora, and hortative sentences. John F. Kennedy’s use of rhetorical devices within his inaugural address help him convey his messageRead MoreJfk Inaugural Speech Rhetorical Analysis Essay729 Words   |  3 PagesJohn F. Kennedy’s inaugural speech is certainly one to remember. It’s memorable not for its length, but for the effective content that it beholds. He entices readers by the use of strong rhetoric techniques. His inaugural analyzes style of writing, such as diction, tropes, schemes, and syntax, and applies the concept of it effectively throughout the speech. A reader performs rhetorical analysis to examine how authors attempt to persuade their audiences by looking at the various components that makeRead MoreJohn F. Kennedy Inaugural Address1099 Words   |  5 Pagesbrighter than one of our own presidents. It was January 20, 1962 when John Fitzgerald Kennedy took stage to be the thirty-fifth president of the United States. Written by Kennedy in late November of 1960, his inauguration speech goes to explain the various changes of the world as Kennedy campaigned to â€Å"get the country moving again.† His speech begins to address the differences of the generations as he wants to â€Å"pass the torch.† Kennedy expresses various ways of getting people together which he basesRead MorePresident John F. Kennedy Inaugural Address1532 Words   |  7 Pages20, 1961 John F. Kennedy. What do all these dates and names have in common is a question you may ask. One is that each name is of one of the many presidents of the United States. Two is the dates are the dates of each ones Inaugural ad dress. The first ever Inaugural address was done April 30, 1789 by none other than the United States first president George Washington. Many have heard and Inaugural address but just in case you happen not to know what one is an Inaugural address is a speech given duringRead MoreThe Inaugural Address Of John F. Kennedy1441 Words   |  6 PagesThe Pathway to Success â€Å"The Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy is considered one of the greatest speeches in twentieth-century American public address,† says Sara Ann Mehltretter from Penn State University. The 1960s was an important time period during American history. The speech was said to motivate Americans and unite them to successfully create a powerful government. In a time of desperation, the actions that the United States government would take to help come out successful was very importantRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of John F. Kennedy s Inaugural Address Essay1566 Words   |  7 PagesFREEDOM: Rhetorical Analysis of John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address Tanner A. Woody Anderson University On January 20, 1961, John Fitzgerald Kennedy delivered a speech with a backdrop of snow and a twenty-degree wind blowing in his face in Washington D.C. In his speech, he starts off with saying that his victory is not for a party but it is for freedom. At the climax of his speech, JFK delivers a call to action which is also the most well-known line from his speech: â€Å"†¦ask not what yourRead MoreAnalysis of John F Kennedys Presidency870 Words   |  3 PagesIntroduction John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, has become one of the most famous presidents in the nations history due to his oratory skills and eloquence (Biane,2011). In this paper, we present an analysis the inaugural speech that he delivered in January 1961. Even though his Inaugural speech lasted less than fifteen minutes, the message that he saliently delivered was one that has continued to resonate in the very hearts of American citizens. The analysis An analysis of JohnRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of John F. Kennedy s Inaugural Address971 Words   |  4 PagesA Rhetorical Analysis of John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address By 1961, The United States of America was struggling with racial tension and social inequalities, while fighting communism internationally and protecting the public from the weapons and devices of our adversaries abroad. Confusion and fear had invaded the minds of the American people as the cold war neared its pinnacle; they were desperate for a strong, reassuring leader. John F. Kennedy provided this reassurance when he addressed the nationRead MoreThe Inaugural Address Of John F. Kennedy1654 Words   |  7 PagesAn Effort Closer to A Better Country â€Å"The Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy is considered one of the greatest speeches in twentieth-century American public address,† says Sara Ann Mehltretter from Penn State University. The 1960s was an important time period during American history. The speech was said to motivate Americans and unite them to successfully create a powerful government. In a time of desperation, the actions that the United States government would take to help come out successfulRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Jfk Inaugural Address1414 Words   |  6 PagesJFK Inaugural Address Rhetorical Analysis On Friday, January 20, 1961, in the midst of physical cold and mental Cold War fears, John F. Kennedy gave his inaugural address to the citizens of America and the world, assuring his audience that peace will prevail, and that America, as a unified superpower, will lead the world once again into a new era of peace. His speech, infused with rhetorical appeals, has an anxious and discontent tone, calling for change and the implementation of his vision. To

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Power And Wealth Of The Chaebol - 2603 Words

As I have stated earlier, the Chaebols have gained significant advantage to become the top class due to government control of the financial system in the 1960s. The power and wealth of the chaebol could be best explained by the music video â€Å"Gangnam Style†, produced by Park Jaesang, who is known as Psy in the video. As of June 2014, on the CNN Entertainment website stated that â€Å"Gangnam Style† has â€Å"charted a new record: 2 billion YouTube views† (Conlon, 2014) and has become the most watched video in YouTube history. The video is enjoyed enormously by the American public, which is kind of puzzling, because many do not know the Korean language, therefore, are unable to understand what the video is really talking about. The video went viral and became a sensation because the main character Psy intentionally ridicules himself by performing exaggerated and bizarre choreographies with beautiful women and expensive garments in the video. Psy wanted to especially focus on the change of modern Korean culture toward a culture catered to the narcissist and pretentious people in Korea, even the singer expressed in a interview that â€Å"Human society is so hollow, and even while filming I felt pathetic. Each frame by frame was hollow† (Fisher, 2012). The underline message of the video was about class and wealth problem in present-day Korean society. Gangnam is a district in Korea that is known for its heavily concentrated wealth and high standard of living. Offspring of the ChaebolShow MoreRelatedSouth Kore A Case Of Successful Late Development Under State Authoritarianism Essay1634 Words   |  7 Pagesstrong relationship between the state and Chaebol (big business). The era of rapid industrial isation and the strong relationship between the state and the Chaebol contributed to the uncertainty of the state-business relationship between social circles (Thirkell-White: 2002). As the Chaebol and the state were heavily interdependent; the Chaebol were significant providers of welfare, in return for financing the political functions of the state. Eventually, the Chaebol began to question the returns it gotRead MoreSocio Political Allegory Of Park Chan Wook s Oldboy1698 Words   |  7 Pagesfor the â€Å"average† Korean citizen while his adversary, Lee Woo-jin, represents upper class citizens, or chaebols, in Korea. After analyzing these points, this paper argues that Oldboy does in fact serve as a socio-political allegory for problems faced in contemporary Korea. Problems that are addressed include democratization, class structure and privilege, capitalism, and the importance of power and money in Korea (Kim). Socio-Political Allegory in Park Chan Wook’s Oldboy While filmsRead MoreEconomic Development in South Korea4346 Words   |  18 Pagesbudget of Five Year economic development plans. Detailed information was reported to the President at the monthly economic briefings. Consequently the EPB became more influential in economic planning decisions, and their growth greatly strengthened the power of Ministry of Commerce and Industry. As one of the export promotion strategy, the government created the Korea Trade Promotion Corporation (KOTRA) in order to provide institutional support in foreign marketing. KOTRA as one of the â€Å"quasi-governmentalRead MoreWhy Are East Asian Business Groups so Common?1932 Words   |  8 Pagesaccounting and possible inadequate managers through inheritance. The Korean â€Å"Chaebol† is an example of a vertically organized pyramidal business group still controlled by a number of founding families. The Chaebol , contains many well known successful companies such as Samsung, LG and Hyundai and consists of centralized ownership, characterised by strong ties with government agencies. The ownership of banks within the Chaebol is prohibited and it is thought that the role of nationalised banks in channellingRead More‘The global economy has moved on from the Asian Tigers; the present and the future of the global economy now lie elsewhere.’ To what extent do you agree with this statement? (40 marks)1421 Words   |  6 Pagesadvantages, including partially existing developed levels of infrastructure, good geographical locations with open access to the sea allowing easy exportation, cheap labour and strong government support. The Asian Tigers were most noted for their rise to power in the 1960-1980s, and were able to develop their country at rates unseen anywhere else in the world at that time. They experienced these decades of supercharged growth mainly from large amounts of exports to developed countries and high levels ofRead MoreJapan And South Korea Achieved Modern Economic Growth2365 Words   |  10 Pagesand of itself seems to have had more of a negative effect on Japan’s growth, the reforms that followed completely changed Japan’s course. Just before Japan was declared independent, a series of policy reforms under the Supreme Commander of Allied Powers changed the course of dualism. A variety of occupation-sponsored reforms transformed the institutional environment conditioning economic performance in Japan (Nakamura, 1995). A Daily Report Foreign Radio Broadcast from 1950 shows that landlord controlledRead MoreSamsungs influence on South Korea1698 Words   |  7 Pagesto watch a Samsung-owned pro baseball team in your Samsung-made apartment. The Samsung Group is a South Korean multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Seoul and operating worldwide. During the last century Samsung became the largest chaebol – the Korean term for corporate groups that were jump-start with government support and established itself as the main driving economic and political factor in South Korea. That is why the Republic of Korea is also referred to as the Samsung RepublicRead More1997 Asian Financial Crisis and Hyundai Motor Corp7119 Words   |  29 Pagesthereby increasing their market share in South Korea. Hyundai’s Market Share in South Korea: [pic] South Korean Macro Study Economic Background: The South’s success was quite unforeseen. The country where Park Chung Hee seized power in 1961 had a GDP per head equal to Algeria’s. Its third-largest export was wigs. The average life expectancy of its people was 55. But those people were well-educated, they worked hard and they saved what they could. The government did its best toRead More1997 Asian Financial Crisis and Hyundai Motor Corp7129 Words   |  29 Pagesincreasing their market share in South Korea. Hyundai’s Market Share in South Korea: [pic] South Korean Macro Study Economic Background: The South’s success was quite unforeseen. The country where Park Chung Hee seized power in 1961 had a GDP per head equal to Algeria’s. Its third-largest export was wigs. The average life expectancy of its people was 55. But those people were well-educated, they worked hard and they saved what they could. The government did its best toRead MoreContributing Factors That Bring South Korea as Advanced Country4219 Words   |  17 Pagesmajority of the population lives in cities. j. Relatively high level of population health. â€Å"Other than that, according to the International Monetary Fund, advanced economies comprise 65.8% of global nominal GDP and 52.1% of global GDP (PPP) or purchasing power parity in 2010.In 2011, the ten largest advanced economies by either nominal GDP or GDP (PPP) are the United States, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Canada, Spain and South Korea.† 1.2 Background

The American Economy in the 1920’s Was a Bubble Destined to Burst Free Essays

â€Å"The Economy of 1920’s America was a bubble destined to burst† The statement that the economy of 1920’s American was a bubble destined to burst is thoroughly correct. The uprising issues of Protectionism, weak industries, weak banks, overproduction of goods and an uneven distribution of wealth meant that America was in a vicious spending spree that could only be broken by the 1929 Wall Street Crash. When one thinks of an economic depression, one first considers the banks and how they were linked to the said crash. We will write a custom essay sample on The American Economy in the 1920’s Was a Bubble Destined to Burst or any similar topic only for you Order Now The banks in the case of the Depression were closely related to the Wall Street Crash. In the 1920’s banks weren’t the large networks that they are today, so when they went bankrupt, there was nothing to fall back on. Banks had also loaned out far too much money keep a stable economic flow. Many Americans also decided to join in on the share market game in hopes of living out the American Dream in a â€Å"get rich quick† manner and were borrowing huge amounts of money to invest, often in an uneducated manner. As this was continuing, banks were making it possible to borrow huge sums of money and the government, still stuck in its belief of Laisseize Fare- that is, that the government would simply let the economy sort itself out without any government intervention. With this flimsy and unstable system of banking- there was bound to be a huge economic impact such as the crash. After the atrocities of World War 1, America decided it’s safest way to keep out of global issues and wars was to focus on being a self-serving country run on the idea of Protectionism. The key act of Protectionism was that tariffs were placed on imported goods, thus making American products much more appealing to its citizens. This also created a huge economic flowing acting almost exclusively nationally. However the notion of Protectionism became detrimental to America as 23 countries soon placed tariffs on American exports that were already seen as luxuries by other countries. It could be said that most other long term causes of the crash of the American economy simply snowballed off the issue of protectionism. One of the largest of these was over production. As American export rates came down, the country was met with the newfound issue of overproduction. As sales for products such as cars dropped dramatically (how many new cars could one family need? ) America still did not stop making them. There were now warehouses full of products that were either un-wanted or that couldn’t be afforded. Soon enough, many companies began to close down in a domino ffect, leaving only the products necessary to live as a profitable part of the economy. The issue of overproduction is closely linked to the un-even distribution of wealth in America. As there were only a select few who could afford to buy the luxury items companies were trying to sell, and because of the tariffs now placed on American goods, there were no exports. As 5% of the country’s population held a massive 30% of the wealth, that too was far too unstable to continue. Thus proving that the American economy was in fact, a bubble destined to burst. The final factors of the economic crash of 1929 are closely linked. The cotton, farming and railroad industries being far weaker than they seemed and the instant panic when there was any cause for concern by the American people were both such issues because of lassiz fare and the conservative government not being willing to back down on this that the economy ended up in a crisis. There were low wages for people industrial workers and farmers- (ironically enough the jobs that could have saved the economy) yet Americans were encouraged to have the highest faith in the farming, cotton and railroad industries. In 1929- the year of the crash, President Hoover himself said that America could expect a â€Å"financial triumph over property†. It was due to this huge faith and over confidence in the economy that the panic when things went a little haywire Americans were in such shock that all they wanted to do was sell their shares and get their money back. This of course was just making matters worse for themselves and their country. It is because of these factors, that it is indeed obvious that America in the 1920’s was simply a bubble destined to burst. There were too many half-thought-out ideas put into immediate motion and the lack of communication or assistance from the American government lead to the three factors that made the American crash inevitable. How to cite The American Economy in the 1920’s Was a Bubble Destined to Burst, Essay examples

Meeting the ethical challenge of leadership -

Question: Discuss about the Meeting the ethical challenge of leadership. Answer: Introduction Over the years, the social, political and economic aspects in the global framework, have changed considerably, which in turn have significant effects on the overall way of living of people across the world and on their personal and professional domains. These changes, obviously have affected the workings and operational frameworks of the business organizations operating in the global framework, the same facing considerable dynamics over time (Abouzeedan Hedner, 2012). In the last few decades, the business organizations in the international framework have changed considerably in terms of their objectives, goals, production process, operating framework, area of operations and others. With contemporary economic and social phenomena like Globalization, Liberalizations and other similar incidents, more and more organizations and business enterprises have been going global, by expanding their domain of operations in different countries and exploring varied opportunities of venturing in different types of markets (Powell DiMaggio, 2012). The corporate culture and the work environments of these organizations are also experiencing considerable changes with the inclusion of multi-cultured and multi-specialty workforce. Keeping the above situations in the global business framework into consideration, the concerned assignment tries to discuss the challenges these contemporary business enterprises face in the aspect of profit maximizations, their long term and short-term goals as well as the corporate social responsibility of these organizations (Awadh Alyahya, 2013). The assignment tries to highlight the ethical issues faced by these organizations in the aspect of achieving their goals, profit expectations and I the aspect of corporate social responsibility. Operational framework: Organizational Challenges of contemporary business organizations The operational framework of the commercial institutions, showing the overall structure, strategic framework, productive operations, employee structure and social commitments of the same, is the backbone of any organization. This is primarily because the sustainability, profitability and long-term prospects of any organization highly depend on how efficiently the same carries out its functions and responsibilities. The companies also need to take into consideration not only the maximization of its profit, but also the maximization of welfare of the people attached to the company as well as of the society as a whole (Wirtz et al. 2016). In the earlier periods, the operational frameworks of the businesses used to be simple and unilateral, with the core objective being maximization of its own profit, by accruing as much market share and clientele as possible and targeting maximum productivity in minimum cost. However, with time and an increasingly integrating global business environment and with these businesses venturing different domains, both geographical as well as operational, their mode of operations has also been changing significantly (Symon Cassell, 2012). The business organizations are no longer viewed as solely profit maximizing institutions but are expected to fulfill several responsibilities towards their employees and towards the society as a whole. This in turn, gives rise to several challenges, which the businesses face, in term of Corporate Social Responsibility, Profits and Goals. These are explained as follows: Challenges in Corporate Social Responsibility As discussed above, the global business environment has been becoming more integrating with more companies venturing into different areas and product and service markets. The demand patterns of the customers across the world have also experienced immense dynamics, much of which can be attributed to the change in the life styles globally. This, in turn indicates towards the increase in both the demand and the supply side dynamics in the global commercial scenario. With more inclusion of supply side players, the business scenario has become far more competitive and dynamic (Tai Chuang, 2014). On the other hand, there is a constant increase in the awareness regarding the threats which the environment and societies are facing, due to the concerning global phenomena like Global Warming, excessive carbon emission, destruction of natural resources and damages done to mankind as a whole. Much of these destructions and negative implications on the society can be attributed to the less restri ctive working methods of the businesses in the earlier periods. Keeping these aspects of competitiveness as well as environmental and social welfare in concern, it becomes the responsibility of the businesses operating in any corner of the world to carry out their operations and productive activities, keeping into account their duties towards the society as well as towards the welfare of the workers and the stakeholders (Schneider Schmidpeter, 2012). Thus, the term Corporate Social Responsibility refers to the continuous commitment of the commercial institutions in the global framework, to work towards corporate sustainability, by contributing to the economic development of itself as well as of the society. It falls under the Corporate Social Responsibility of the organizations to emphasis not only increasing their production and profit, but also to do so in an ethical framework, thereby improving the overall quality of living of the workers and other stakeholders as well as the society at large. Thus, it can be asserted that under the corporate social responsibility, in the contemporary global scenario, the companies not only need to be publicly accountable on their commercial performances but they also need to be accountable in the social, environmental and ethical aspects too. The companies need to promote sustainable development, human rights, democracy and improvement in community in their operational framework (Crane, Matten Spence, 2013). Among the different responsibilities and challenges falling under the domain of CSR, are the following: a) Economic Responsibilities- To produce the goods and services for the purpose of earning profit b) Legal Responsibilities- To earn profits within the legal framework c) Ethical Responsibility- To operated and produce with the goal of earning profit, incorporating ethical aspects of production and welfare maximization in their operational framework d) Discretionary responsibilities- To involve in other philanthropic activities thereby working for the benefits of those people who are not directly related to the company as a whole Thus, from the above discussion, it can be clearly stated that in the contemporary commercial situation, the commercial organizations do not only work for the purpose of increasing their individual profit but also are bestowed with ethical, social, economic and philanthropic responsibilities, towards the increase of the greater welfare of the society as a whole (Brammer, Jackson Matten, 2012). However, while catering to those responsibilities the contemporary commercial organizations often face challenges and conflicts in their operational framework, which primarily includes trade-off between their personal profit maximization and their responsibility towards the increment of the social welfare, in an ethical framework. Challenges faced by business organizations in terms of profit Given the fact that corporate social responsibility is one of the factors of immense importance in the contemporary business scenarios, which enforces the commercial institutions to work in an overall ethical framework, the following are the primary ethical challenges, which are faced by the firms in their commercial operations. These dilemmas are directly linked to their profit and the welfare manifested by their actions: Employee management One of the primary challenges, which the contemporary organizations face in the global scenario, is how they need to manage their employees. The fastest way in which any company can maximize their individual profit is by reducing the cost of production and slashing the expenses they bear in terms of the maintenance of their employees. The profit of the organizations can be easily increased by taking away the benefits, which the employees of those organizations enjoy additionally apart from their salary packages (Lau, 2015). However, if this measure is undertaken, then this can lead to immense ethical issues by causing poor morale among the workforces. Thus, the primary challenge, which the company faces in terms of profit maximization, is the ethical dilemma of sacrificing the welfare of their workers. Thus, in the contemporary global context, profit maximization strategies of the companies need to incorporate the ethical issues of employee management also (Ulrich Sarasin, 2012). Environmental aspects Another challenge, which the business organizations across the world experience, in terms of profit maximization, is in terms of restoration of the environmental aspects. The production of all goods and services have environmental impacts to some extent, in terms of pollution and contamination of natural resources, which in turn have negative implications on the society as a whole. However, in order to incorporate environmental sustainability in the production process, the firms need to incur several costs, which in turn increase social welfare aspects. However, by incorporating the same in the operational framework, the firms can stay ethically correct and excel in terms of their social responsibility, thereby gaining positive popularity in the market and sustainability in production. Quality Considerations The most significant trade off which the companies face in terms of profit and social welfare tradeoff is the quality aspects of their products. While compromising in the quality levels the firm can reduce cost and increase productivity, however, in the global competitive framework, the emphasis on better quality can help them satisfy their ethical requirements and stay ahead of their competitors. Challenges in organizational goals From the above discussion, it is therefore, evident that the goals of the organizations in the contemporary business framework have also changed significantly and there arises several challenges, which the same face in terms of attainment of those goals. a) Changing Strategy- In the competitive business framework, the primary challenge of the organizations is to keep on changing and improvising their strategic framework in order to compete with their rivals in an ethical framework. b) Decision making process- The goals of the organizations becoming increasingly complex, with the incorporation of social welfare along with personal benefits, the business organizations face the challenge of taking the right decisions, which cater to both the needs (Johnson, 2017). c) Perceived priority- The complex and multi-dimensional responsibilities of the business organizations, it becomes a consistent challenge for the same to decide on their priorities, taking into account the positive and negative implications of both profit and social welfare maximizations (Cavusgil et al. 2014). Conclusion Keeping the above discussion in consideration, it can be asserted that with the significant dynamics in the global business environment, the operational framework and the production process of the business institutions across the world has also been experiencing considerable changes. The structure of the organizations is becoming complex and multi-dimensional and the ethical aspects are coming in lime light. The business organizations, therefore, in the contemporary periods, faces challenges regarding their profit dynamics, achievement of goals and corporate social responsibilities, which in turn have considerable influences on their changing priorities and overall operations management. References Abouzeedan, A., Hedner, T. (2012). Organization structure theories and open innovation paradigm.World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development,9(1), 6-27. Awadh, A. M., Alyahya, M. S. (2013). Impact of organizational culture on employee performance.International Review of Management and Business Research,2(1), 168. Brammer, S., Jackson, G., Matten, D. (2012). Corporate social responsibility and institutional theory: New perspectives on private governance.Socio-economic review,10(1), 3-28. Cavusgil, S. T., Knight, G., Riesenberger, J. R., Rammal, H. G., Rose, E. L. (2014).International business. Pearson Australia. Crane, A., Matten, D., Spence, L. J. (2013). Corporate social responsibility in a global context. Johnson, C. E. (2017).Meeting the ethical challenges of leadership: Casting light or shadow. Sage Publications. Lau, K. J. (2015).New age capitalism: making money East of Eden. University of Pennsylvania Press. Powell, W. W., DiMaggio, P. J. (Eds.). (2012).The new institutionalism in organizational analysis. University of Chicago Press. Schneider, A., Schmidpeter, R. (2012). Corporate social responsibility.Verantwortliche Unternehmensfhrung in der Praxis, Berlin ua. Symon, G., Cassell, C. (Eds.). (2012).Qualitative organizational research: core methods and current challenges. Sage. Tai, F. M., Chuang, S. H. (2014). Corporate social responsibility.Ibusiness,6(03), 117. Ulrich, P., Sarasin, C. (Eds.). (2012).Facing public interest: The ethical challenge to business policy and corporate communications(Vol. 8). Springer Science Business Media. Wirtz, B. W., Pistoia, A., Ullrich, S., Gttel, V. (2016). Business models: Origin, development and future research perspectives.Long Range Planning,49(1), 36-54

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Cory Aquino Icon of Democracy Essay Example For Students

Cory Aquino: Icon of Democracy Essay Cory Aquinos historic speech before the U. S. Congress Seven months after President Corazon C. Aquino was hurled to power by the will of the People, the US Government invited her to give a speech before the joint session of the United States Congress. Teddy Boy Locsin who was former Cory Aquino’s Executive Secretary during her administration, told the back-story of the said speaking engagement in a certain news program during Cory’s wake. He said that when Cory Aquino asked him to write the speech for her the instruction was â€Å"basta ikuwento mo lang kung ano nangyari sa akin at kay Ninoy, how Ninoy was imprisoned and assassinated and how I got elected.. simple lang, ikaw na bahala†. But it was not easy. Teddy Boy found it hard to start the speech and was quite unsatisfied in what he wrote which made it harder for him to end the speech. But as the date of the former President’s engagement got nearer, Locsin was not yet finished with the speech. For some reason according to him he can’t seem to finish it. Until Cory took the initiative of finishing the speech herself. Hours before the actual speech, an aide of the US congress offered the teleprompter (a device placed near or on a television camera that displays scrolling text, allowing a person to read a script while appearing to speak spontaneously to the camera) to Cory for her to get used to and help her with her delivery. Together with Teddy Boy and some US Secret Service assigned to them, Cory encoded the speech on the teleprompter in her hotel room. While Cory Aquino was practicing her speech, they saw the US Secret Service crying. The strange thing is according to Teddy Boy, the guards were trained to be emotionless, but for the reason they didn’t know, the guards were moved by Cory’s speech. When Cory asked Teddy Boy if the speech was okay, Teddy Boy said, â€Å"Mam, I Think this will do†. And true enough, even before Cory delivered her speech, the US Congress composed of representatives and senators gave her the longest standing ovation and applause for a foreign leader. During her speech, she was always interrupted by applause from the Senators and Congressmen. She became the first foreign leader to address a speech in the US Congress. The eloquent half-hour speech began and ended with standing ovations, and was interrupted by applause eleven times. It was, said House Speaker Tip ONeill, the finest speech Ive ever heard in my 34 years in Congress. Above the din of cheering officials, Senate Majority Leader Robert Dole said to Mrs. Aquino, Cory, you hit a home run. Without missing a beat, Aquino smiled and replied: I hope the bases were loaded. Later that day, the U. S. House of Representatives voted to give the Philippines an assistance package of $200 million dollars. REACTION When she addressed the United States Congress after becoming President of the Philippines, in a speech so well written by Teddy Boy Locsin, for the first time in my life I became so proud to be Filipino. In the speech she represented a victorious and proud Philippines — they loved her, they loved us. I was not there at her time. I wasn’t there to witness a huge part of Philippines History, the time of despair and cruelty, but thanks to our technology, we, the younger generation could hear and watch it over and over again. Cory Aquino was indeed, more than any other, the real miracle of 1986, though she was a reluctant candidate. She was a housewife, totally unqualified for the position of President. She was a private person who was thrust into the limelight and was prevailed upon to run and become President by a country in desperate need of moral leadership. But then, the result of her actions, the peaceful end of a dictatorship and the return to democracy, which is often cited as miraculous was not what was surprising. It was the fact that there was, out of the blue, the woman in yellow who had the guts to stare down a dictator, the political will to resist injustice and cheating and the wisdom to test the people’s acceptance of her leadership. On the over-all, the Aquino administration made important gains in the aspects of bringing back democracy, restoring investor confidence in the economy and enacting legal and constitutional reforms. Despite these achievements, her presidency faced several threats and numerous problems— hungry opportunists who felt it was â€Å"their† turn and then there were the failed coup d’etat attempts. Before, the campaign then against her was to say she did not have experience in governance but the response was to say that Cory, the housewife, did not have experience in corruption and cheating. I suppose Cory Aquino’s life was a meaningful and remarkable one. She was a symbol of motherhood, simple, caring, responsible and always on guard for her children rendering into them to have the best of whatever life had to offer. In all her life she did her best in all of her roles — as wife, as mother, as president, as private citizen. I am hoping that her contributions to our country will live forever in our hearts. She will serve as our inspiration and her mournful death will be our lesson to think and be awakened especially this coming election, to choose the right leader for our country. We Filipinos should start moving before anything reaches the SOBRA NA stage. This is our tragic flaw that we act only when things are already too oppressive. We, Filipinos must work together because if we are united truth, honesty and goodness will prevail. Restoring Democracy by the Ways of Democracy Speech by President Corazon C. Aquino United States Congress – Joint Session September 18, 1986 In burying Ninoy, a whole nation honored him. By that brave and selfless act of giving honor, a nation in shame recovered its own. A country that had lost faith in its future found it in a faithless and brazen act of murder. So in giving, we receive, in losing we find, and out of defeat, we snatched our victory. For the nation, Ninoy became the pleasing sacrifice that answered their prayers for freedom. For myself and our children, Ninoy was a loving husband and father. His loss, three times in our lives, was always a deep and painful one. Fourteen years ago, this month was the first time we lost him. A president turned dictator and traitor to his oath, suspended the Constitution and shut down the Congress that was much like this one before which I am honored to speak. Potlatch - The Sharing And Shaming EssayA jealously independent Constitutional Commission is completing its draft which will be submitted later this year to a popular referendum; when it is approved, there will be congressional elections. So within a year from a peaceful but national upheaval that overturned a dictatorship, we shall have returned to full constitutional government. Given the polarization and breakdown we inherited, this is no small achievement. My predecessor set aside democracy so save it from a communist insurgency that numbered less than 500. Unhampered by respect for human rights, he went at it hammer and tongs. By the time he fled, that insurgency had grown to more 16,000. I think there is a lesson here to be learned about trying to stifle a thing with the means by which it grows. I don’t think anybody, in or outside our country, concerned for a democratic and open Philippines, doubts what must be done. Through political initiatives and local reintegration programs, we must seek to bring the insurgents down from the hills and, by economic progress and justice, show them that for which the best intentioned among them fight. As President, I will not betray the cause by which I came to power. Yet equally, and again no friend of Filipino democracy will challenge this, I will not stand by and allow an insurgent leadership to spurn our offer of peace and kill our young soldiers, and threaten our new freedom. Yet, I must explore the path of peace to the utmost for at its end, whatever disappointment I meet there, is the moral basis for laying down the olive branch of peace and taking up the sword of war. Still, should it come to that, I will not waver from the course laid down by your great liberator: â€Å"With malice towards none, with charity for all, with firmness in the rights as God gives us to see the rights, let us finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and for his orphans, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. † Like Lincoln, I understand that force may be necessary before mercy. Like Lincoln, I don’t relish it. Yet, I will do whatever it takes to defend the integrity and freedom of my country. Finally, may I turn to that other slavery: our $26 billion foreign debt. I have said that we shall honor it. Yet must eh means by which we shall be able to do so be kept from us? Many conditions imposed on the previous government that stole this debt continue to be imposed on us who never benefited from it. And no assistance or liberality commensurate with the calamity that was visited on us has been extended. et ours must have been the cheapest revolution ever. With little help from others, we Filipinos fulfilled the first and most difficult condition of the debt negotiation the full restoration of democracy and responsible government. Elsewhere, and in other times of more stringent world economic conditions, Marshall Plans and their like were felt to be necessary companions of returning democracy. When I met with President Reagan yesterday, we began an importa nt dialogue about cooperation and the strengthening of the friendship between out two countries. That meeting was both a confirmation and a new beginning and should lead to a positive results in all areas of common concern. Today, we face the aspiration of a people who had known so much poverty and massive unemployment for the past fourteen years and yet offered their lives for the abstraction of democracy. Wherever I went in the campaign, slum area or impoverished village, they came to me with one cry; Democracy! Not food, although they clearly needed it, but Democracy! Not work, although they surely wanted it, but Democracy! Not money, for they gave what little they had to my campaign. They didn’t expect me to work a miracle that would instantly put food into their mouths, clothes on their back, education in their children, and work that would put dignity in their lives. But I feel the pressing obligation to respond quickly as the leader of a people so deserving of all these things. We face a communist insurgence that feeds on economic deterioration, even as we carry a great share of the free world defenses in the Pacific. These are only two of the many burdens my people carry even as they try to build a worthy and enduring house for their new democracy, that they may serve as well as a redoubt for freedom in Asia. Yet, no sooner is one stone laid than two are taken away. Half of our export earnings, $2 billion out of $4 billion, which was all we could earn in the restrictive markets of the world, went to pay just the interest on a debt whose benefit the Filipino people never received. Still, we fought for honor, and, if only for honor, we shall pay. And yet, should we have to wring the payments from the sweat of our men’s faces and sink all the wealth piled up by the bondsman’s two hundred fifty years of unrequited toil? Yet to all Americans, as the leader of a proud and free people, I address this question: has there been a greater test of national commitment to the ideals you hold dear than that my people have gone through? You have spent many lives and much treasure to bring freedom to many lands that were reluctant to receive it. And here you have a people who won it by themselves and need only help to preserve it. Three years ago, I said thank you, America, for haven from oppression, and the home you gave Ninoy, myself and our children, and the three years of lives together. Today, I say, join us, America, as we build a new home for democracy, another haven for the oppressed, so it may stand as a shining testament of our two nation’s commitment to freedom. Three years ago, I left America in grief to bury my husband, Ninoy Aquino. I thought I had left it also to lay to rest his restless dream of Philippine freedom. Today, I have returned as the president of a free people.